Thursday, August 16, 2012

Outsourcing Public Education

Two weeks ago, Highland Park Michigan announced that it is outsourcing management of its three public schools and their 1,000 students to a for-profit charter school company, Leona LLC. The decision to privatize was made after a state takeover of the schools: in May, Michigan Governor Rick Snyder appointed an emergency manager for the school district, Joyce Parker, and it was Parker who made the decision to privatize Highland Park’s schools. “This could be the new model for public education,” said Jeanne Allen, president of the Center for Education Reform, a national research and advocacy group that supports school choice. “It stands to be a lab of innovation where people can see that thinking outside the box is not so scary.”

This all sounded eerily familiar. Then I remembered: Philadelphia, 2002. Management of 38 schools was outsourced, including 20 to for-profit charter school company EdisonLearning. This was done shortly after the state of Pennsylvania took over the Philadelphia school system. The outsourcing back then was going to be an experiment “to see if the free market could educate children more efficiently than government.” The results of that experiment were clear: the outsourcing flopped, as reported in a 2007 Rand Corporation study. Consequently, Philadelphia no longer pushes outsourcing management of public schools.

Nevertheless, Philadelphia plows ahead with privatization.  Instead of outsourcing public schools, it's closing them down by the score, and promoting the growth of charter schools. Forty Philadelphia public schools were closed permanently in June, and the school board promises to close six more each year for the next five years, so that in 2017 charter schools will enroll 40 percent of Philadelphia students.

Well, maybe charter school corporations fare better in Michigan than in Pennsylvania? Actually, no. A study published last March by the National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education found that in Michigan, charter schools spend an average per pupil of $774 more on administration and $1140 less on instruction than public schools. Also last March, Bridge Magazine published the results of a study by Public Sector Consultants which showed that in Michigan, public school students outscored charter school students on statewide reading, writing, and math tests. These results are consistent with the more than 80 studies which show that on average test scores of students at charter schools are no better, and more often than not worse, than those of students at public schools.

  • Charter schools in Michigan spend more money on administration and less on instruction than public schools. Their scores on standardized tests are lower – and standardized tests are the benchmark that the corporate privatizers themselves have held up as the measure of success.
  • Outsourcing public schools to private management failed its “laboratory experiment” in Philadelphia. 
  • More than 80 studies show that charter schools do not outperform public schools, and often are outperformed by public schools, even when standardized test results are used to keep score
So why does the Center for Education Reform’s Jeanne Allen hail outsourcing school management as “the new model for public education”? Why do she and other privatizers insist on the need to treat students like lab rats in yet another “laboratory experiment” doomed to failure? Why is Philadelphia (and  Detroit, New York, Oakland and so many other large urban districts) following New Orleans down the path of school closures and charter school proliferation, when charter schools are outperformed by public schools?

Because their goal isn’t educating. It’s fully disenfranchising the public from any control of education. It’s imposing a system that rewards march-in-line obedience and penalizes inquiry and creativity, one that marginalizes and criminalizes students from low-income families, especially students of color. It's cutting funding of public schools while making a quick buck. It’s wringing profits out of tests, test prep, textbooks, software, cyber learning, tutoring, schools, school management, after school programs.

That’s privatization. Commodifying or re-commodifying everything. Air. Water. Social Security. Medicare. Public education. Taking back from the public what has been public for generations. If we let them.

This is very slightly revised from the original article posted by the author yesterday on the Daily Censored blog, at:

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